Response to ‘A Cyborg Manifesto’ by Donna Haraway

“A Cyborg Manifesto” is very different from many of the feminist beliefs. She imagines that with the technological advancement, there will be new possibility for human biological existence. She proposes the possibility of a new type of human: combination of machine and animal, and questioning the traditional religious belief of human being distinct to other animals. She tries to free human from conceptions of race and race, and identify ourselves as a new type of ambiguous being: not belonging to any type of categorization.
She believes the Marxist humanist theory helps establish the recognition of women’s labour as housewife or mother as equal value as labour of working men. On the other hand, she thinks that some portions of Marxism isn’t suitable for her cyborg feminist ideas. “There is nothing about being female that naturally binds women”, and believes we should try to isolate Marxist theories from its western origins.
*In 1960, NASA scientist Nanfred Clynes and psychologist Nathan S. Kline combined the phrases cybernetic and organism, making the word “cyborg”.

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